Raspbian is a Debian operating system designed for the Raspberry Pi. It can be set up very easily so that it boots into a basic desktop environment. This can be configured on first boot.
This guide will explain how to install Raspbian using the NOOBS (New Out Of Box Software) zip file provided by the Raspberry Pi Foundation on their download’s page. This guide will only explain how to install Raspbian as the ONLY OS on the SD card !!
You will need an SD card formatted to FAT32 and either the NOOBS.zip file or the NOOBS Lite.zip file from the Raspberry Pi downloads page. The process is amazingly simple, once downloaded all you have to do is extract the .zip file onto the SD card using the program of your choice (Linux = 7zip/PeaZip/Ark/etc Windows = WinZip/7-Zip/PeaZip/etc).
Once this is done plug the SD card into the Pi and turn it on, it will start re-sizing partitions and creating new ones, when it is finished you will be left with 3 partitions on your SD card, the normal 2 and an additional recovery partition. You will be greeted by a selection of operating systems to choose from, select Raspbian and click the “Install” button. You will see a warning appear about over-writing all existing data, click “Yes”, it will start installing Raspbian on your system for you, sit back and grab a drink, when it’s done you will see a pop-up notifying you that the OS has been successfully installed, click “OK”.
The Pi will reboot and you will see lots of command line run past the screen until you reach the “Raspberry Po Software Configuration Tool”. There are 9 options on the screen, we will run through them all here :
1 Expand Filesystem
This is used to ensure all of the SD card is available to the OS, only do this if Raspbian is the only OS on the SD card !! Because we used NOOBS to set up our SD card we do not need to use this part of the tool.
2 Change User Password
This will change the user’s default password, this is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Use the arrow keys to navigate to it and hit ENTER and once again when you have read the pop up explaining the process, enter your new password then hit ENTER, repeat the last step to confirm the password and your new password will be set up.
3 Enable Boot to Desktop/Scratch
This will let you choose what to boot in, hit ENTER and then choose which boot option you would prefer and hit ENTER, if you are new to the Pi i would recommend the Desktop login. Make a note of the username “pi”.
4 Internationalisation Options
Here you can set up the language and any related settings, if you are changing the language choose the UTF-8 option. The defaults are all set to the UK.
5 Enable Camera
If you have a camera module to use with the Pi then here is where you enable your Pi to work with it.
6 Add to Rastrack
Rastrack is a Raspberry Pi tracking network, it displays a map of all Raspberry Pi’s which have been added to Rastrack, check this link for more info : http://rastrack.co.uk/index.php
Here you can configure any overclocking settings for your Pi, we will leave this for a later date.
8 Advanced Options
In the advanced options various settings can be changed such as the visible name of the Pi on a netwrok and the memory-split alongside others.
9 About raspi-config
This just gives basic details about the raspi-config tool
Once you have changed all necessary setting navigate to the button and hit ENTER, you will be asked to reboot, hit ENTER again. When it has rebooted you will be presented with a screen like this :
Your Pi is now set up with the Raspbian OS, have a look around and have some fun, try googling if you are unsure about anything, you could also try getting DOOM on your Pi in Raspbian like i did with Arch Linux, however please note the commands will be different as they are differently based OS’s, so have a quick google for some help. Enjoy !Raspbian